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Privacy Policy is adivision of ALM Media, LLC (“ALM”). ALM has adopted information managementguidelines that define our customer and advertiser relationships. Theseguidelines disclose the privacy policies for this website.

Changes to this Privacy Statement

From time to time,ALM may use customer information for new purposes not previously disclosed inthis privacy notice. If our information practices change at some time in thefuture we will post the policy changes here to notify you of these changes andprovide you with the ability to opt out of these new uses. If you are concernedabout how your information is used, you should check back to our websiteperiodically.


Personally Identifying Information

Free E-Mails: Whenyou sign-up to receive free ALM e-mail information bulletins, ALM requires thatyou supply your name and e-mail address.

ALM Products: Whenyou register to receive ALM products, including products from, whetherthose products are free or paid, ALM requires that you supply your full name,e-mail address, contact information, and a unique subscriber ID. ALM may alsorequire demographic information (e.g., whether you are an attorney and for whattype of entity you work). Customers must also agree to the Terms of Useapplicable to the product for which they are registering. In some instances, wealso collect credit card information to bill subscribers for premium products.

Anonymous Information

ALM may also gatheranonymous information, which may be used by ALM or shared with third parties.This information does not personally identify you but may be helpful forimproving the services we offer. Generally this information is collectedthrough "traffic data" and may entail the use of "cookies,""IP addresses," or other numeric codes used to identify a computer.

Cookies:"Cookies" give users a special, random ID that are small text files,which are stored on the hard drive of a user's computer. ALM employs cookies torecognize you and your access privileges for certain locations on the Web site aswell as to track site usage. Subscribers who do not accept cookies from the Website cannot access many areas of the Web site. ALM also uses an advertisingserver developed by a third party, currently DoubleClick, to display ads on theWeb site. Some of these ads may contain cookies that are set by third parties(i.e., advertising agencies or advertising clients). ALM does not have accessto these cookies or any information that they may contain.

IP Addresses: ALMalso logs IP addresses for systems administration and troubleshooting purposes.(Your IP address indicates the location of your computer on the Internet.) ALMdoes not log IP addresses to track your session, nor do we link IP addresses toanything personally identifiable.

Credit CardInformation: If you use a credit card to pay for an ALM product or CLE program,we may retain your credit card information in order to renew your account inthe event you elect to renew your subscription. When we do retain credit cardinformation, we keep it secure and separate from other demographic informationyou may have given us. We do not share credit card information internallywithin divisions of ALM.


Personally Identifying Information

ALM takes theprivacy of its customers seriously. You have the ability to control how we useyour personally identifying information by telling us if you wish to opt-out ofcertain uses of your information, as described in greater detail in the"Opting Out" provision below.

ALM may, onoccasion, choose to share personally identifying information collected aboutsubscribers with select third parties whose products or services we feel may beof interest to you. Many of our subscribers find these e-mail promotionsvaluable, whether they are shopping for merchandise, taking advantage of aspecial offer, or purchasing unique services.

Personalinformation about you as an individual subscriber or registrant may be shared,regardless of your "opt-out" status, in the following instances:

Compliance withLaw: ALM may release information if it is required to do so by law or in thegood-faith belief that such action is necessary to: (1) comply with the law orcomply with legal process served on ALM; and (2) protect and defend thelegitimate business interests, rights or property of ALM, its users,advertisers, customers, sponsors, advertisers or affiliates.

Vendors: ALM may onoccasion use third-party vendors to assist it in performing its businessfunctions, such as mailing statements to subscribers, editing user lists,processing data and payments, and providing customer service. Personalinformation may be shared with these businesses or individuals to allow them toperform their assigned functions, but is limited to that information needed toperform the assigned function, and may not be used for any other purpose.

OrganizationalChanges: Should ALM undergo a sales, merger, consolidation, change in control,transfer of substantial assets, reorganization or liquidation, ALM'saccumulated customer information will be treated as an asset and, like otherbusiness assets, subject to transfer to or acquisition by a third party.

Customer Requestsfor Personal Information: Upon your request, ALM will provide you with itsrecord of the personal information you gave us at registration. For securityreasons, this information will only be sent to the e-mail address on file forthe subscriber ID associated with it.

Correspondence withALM: If you send ALM personal correspondence, such as e-mails or letters, or ifother users or third parties send correspondence to ALM about your activitiesor postings on the Web site, ALM may collect such information into a filespecific to you. All submissions become property of ALM.

Anonymous Information

ALM also shares theinformation it gathers in a compiled format with advertisers and otherpartners. The compiled format does not include personally identifyinginformation.


StatisticalAnalysis and Banner Advertising: ALM may perform statistical analyses of userbehavior in order to measure interest in the various areas of our site (forproduct development purposes) and to inform advertisers as to how manyconsumers have seen or "clicked" their advertising banners. ALM alsouses demographic information to allow advertising banners on the Web site to betargeted to the readers for whom they are most pertinent. This means thatreaders will see advertising that is most likely to interest them, andadvertisers send their messages to people who are most likely to be receptive,improving both the user's experience and the effectiveness of the ads. In thisstatistical analyses and banner advertisement targeting, we will discloseinformation to third parties only in aggregate form, with no personallyidentifiable information.

Data Security: Toprevent unauthorized access, maintain data accuracy, and ensure the appropriateuse of information, we have put in place appropriate physical, electronic, andmanagerial procedures to protect the information we collect online, includingSSL security for credit card submissions. Detailed information about SSL isavailable from Netscape.

Account Maintenance:ALM may utilize the contact information you provided at registration, such asyour telephone number and e-mail address, to contact you regarding accountstatus, changes to the subscriber agreement, and to confirm registration.

Service Updates andE-Mail Promotions: Using the contact information and e-mail addresses providedat registration, ALM periodically sends promotional messages to its users aboutservices offered by ALM and notifies users of new features or changes that maybe made to these services. ALM may also elect to send promotional messages onbehalf of selected third parties whose products or services we think may be ofinterest to you. If you prefer not to receive promotional e-mails from ALM,please see the "Opting Out" provision below.

Marketing: We mayuse marketing tools to help understand our customers more efficiently. When youvisit our website, ALM may send cookies to your computer or other device. ALMuses the cookies to improve our services to our customers, including improvingsearch results and tracking user trends.

AdvertisingNetworks: We may use advertising networks to help present advertisements on oursites. These advertising networks use cookies to help present, better target,and measure the effectiveness of their advertisements, using data gathered overtime and across their networks to determine the characteristics and preferencesof their audience. We may share certain aggregate andnon-personally-identifiable information about our users in order to help themdeliver more relevant advertisements through their ad networks.


ALM is notresponsible for the content or the privacy policies of Web sites to which itmay link. This policy applies solely to information collected by ALM.

ALM ProviderPartner Products & Services: While visiting the Web site, you may decide topurchase a product or service through one of our provider partners whoseservices are promoted or advertised on the site. If you do so, you will beacting under the guidelines of the third party provider's privacy policy, if ithas one. ALM cannot make guarantees or warranties as to the nature of a thirdparty's use of your personal information.


The Web site isdirected to adults and not directed to children under the age of 13. ALM asksthat minors not submit any personal information to us. ALM complies with theChildren's Online Privacy Protection Act and does not permit registration byand will not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyoneunder 13.

All users,including those users who access the Web site from a country other than theU.S., agree that the laws of the State of New York shall govern any dispute,including those arising from ALM's use of personal information or otherwiserelating to privacy, as specified in the Terms andConditions of Use.


Upon request, wewill (a) remove you and your personal information from our database, therebycanceling your registration and (b) correct personal information that you stateis erroneous. Please direct your inquiry to

LAST UPDATED: May 1,2012

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